Just caught my eye while skimming the MedWorm RSS feed – Spine
So if you’ve got a teenager read them this – Regular smoking at 16 years was associated with persistent LBP in girls (OR: 2.52; 95% CI: 1.40-4.53). Daily smoking of over 9 cigarettes at 16 was associated with persistent LBP (2.57; 1.03-6.46) and predicted incident pain in girls (2.80; 1.11-7.09). Pack-years of smoking were associated with incident and persistent LBP in the girls with an exposure-response relationship, whereas these associations were inconsistent in the boys. Pack-years of smoking at 18 years showed an exposure-response relationship with persistent Consultation for LBP, which was strongest in those with over 1.5 pack-years of exposure (5.82; 1.39-24.42).
Is Smoking a Risk Factor for Low Back Pain in Adolescents?: A Prospective Cohort Study.
Mikkonen, Paula MD *; Leino-Arjas, Paivi MD +; Remes, Jouko MSc ++; Zitting, Paavo MD [S]; Taimela, Simo MD [P]; Karppinen, Jaro MD, DMSc *[//] Spine. 33(5):527-532, March 1, 2008.